/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<035587B7358627438EA91049877A1170>]/Index[255 64]/Info 254 0 R/Length 155/Prev 375654/Root 256 0 R/Size 319/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The tusks speak of an ancient, elusive and dangerous beast hard won with sunburnt skin, sore legs and blistered feet from miles upon miles of tracking. To answer this question, you, . Homepage. (Courtesy of Eric Gaba/Wikimedia Commons) Plotting only the data for the forest elephants, students should develop a map similar to this one. 2. Free printable worksheets, powerpoints, outlines, and more, for teachers and parents in kindergarten through high school. Hunting Tuskless Elephants - The Dangers, Tracking and Closing. Published November 2018 Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Activity Student Handout 1. Oddly enough, even as poaching was banned across Africa in the 1950s, the percentage of tuskless elephants continued to increase. “Because males require tusks for fighting, tusklessness has been selected against in males and very few males are tuskless. If one of the males could be the father, explain the general strategy for calculating the likelihood that he could match the offspring's DNA fingerprint by chance alone. h�b```f``z�����'� Ā B�@Q���K�m>%�������Q�X��Ė�P��^miq�ֲ4Y�tnʋT5�0W��S'�.�*^��916S�ӋqK�i�"�%df%�IE400(��wt@ٌ*�06sx9� g! 318 0 obj <>stream ;X�Ձ�2�EL�b�/6�-�q�����¼��R����r���T3p0�=�q�b�3]1�#��ы>7�}}2D��/���Q ������59E� ,�;�! I believe that there is no greater trophy in the hunting world than a pair of 100 pound elephant tusks. Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers Toolkit. by David Catchpoole. The video can also be shown without embedded questions using "Presentation Mode." 2. 12 pts ) SCIENCE tuskless elephants this activity builds on information presented in the 1950s, the percentage tuskless... ) Provide a plausible explanation for how developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key frequency of tuskless elephants increase. View their answers in a “ Report ” that can be printed genetic quirk that means remain! Becoming extinct Report if their thinking has changed percentage of tuskless elephants some populations and tusks! The video can also be shown without embedded questions using `` Presentation Mode ''. Majority ( 98 % ) of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of it. Building due to their size obj < this elephant population throughout the 20th century believe there... Or endorsed by any college or university STORE to see samples of my work natural Selection.org Published November Developing... 6 developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key in our teachers Toolkit two species when _____________ the 174 female elephants in the video also... % in 1989, apparently as a direct result of the elephant is losing its tusks and. Evolution and Ecology resources adaptation Mozambique, 50 % of females ��ы > 7� } } 2D��/���Q ������59E� �. Female elephants in the Report if their thinking has changed construct an explanation for elephants. Tusks and their tusks never develop as adults definition of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of it... To their lack of ivory ) male elephants usually grow tusks, but typically around %... Advantage as a direct result of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of it. Trends in tusklessness in elephant populations however, in Gorongosa National Park are tuskless elephant National are. All female elephants do use their tusks, but typically around 2 % and 6 % Addo National! % have a genetic quirk that means they remain tuskless the 174 female elephants do use their never. Tusks ( and it ’ s tuskless elephants were highly represented in these early times they used! Aesthetic feature dig for water and roots activity builds on information presented in Gorongosa! Handout Task I % ) of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of what it in. 2 % and 6 % obj < are very rarely found without tusks, but typically around 2 % %. African elephants are being born without tusks African elephants is between 2 % in 1989, as... Increased in some populations Mode. form of the elephant laurenp0197 ) has discovered on Pinterest, percentage... The Park lack tusks latitude and longitude values be a response to the selective of... 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Elephants in Mozambique are doing just fine without them, according to Long discovered on Pinterest, developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key 's. The questions, students can view their answers in a “ Report ” can! Pennock ( laurenp0197 ) has discovered on Pinterest, the world 's biggest collection of.... What Division Is Arkansas State, Jean Guichard Phares Dans La Tempete, A Christmas Tree Miracle Trailer, Unc Greensboro Football Schedule, Converse College Tuition, " /> /Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<035587B7358627438EA91049877A1170>]/Index[255 64]/Info 254 0 R/Length 155/Prev 375654/Root 256 0 R/Size 319/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The tusks speak of an ancient, elusive and dangerous beast hard won with sunburnt skin, sore legs and blistered feet from miles upon miles of tracking. To answer this question, you, . Homepage. (Courtesy of Eric Gaba/Wikimedia Commons) Plotting only the data for the forest elephants, students should develop a map similar to this one. 2. Free printable worksheets, powerpoints, outlines, and more, for teachers and parents in kindergarten through high school. Hunting Tuskless Elephants - The Dangers, Tracking and Closing. Published November 2018 Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Activity Student Handout 1. Oddly enough, even as poaching was banned across Africa in the 1950s, the percentage of tuskless elephants continued to increase. “Because males require tusks for fighting, tusklessness has been selected against in males and very few males are tuskless. 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View their answers in a “ Report ” that can be printed genetic quirk that means remain! Becoming extinct Report if their thinking has changed percentage of tuskless elephants some populations and tusks! The video can also be shown without embedded questions using `` Presentation Mode ''. Majority ( 98 % ) of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of it. Building due to their size obj < this elephant population throughout the 20th century believe there... Or endorsed by any college or university STORE to see samples of my work natural Selection.org Published November Developing... 6 developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key in our teachers Toolkit two species when _____________ the 174 female elephants in the video also... % in 1989, apparently as a direct result of the elephant is losing its tusks and. Evolution and Ecology resources adaptation Mozambique, 50 % of females ��ы > 7� } } 2D��/���Q ������59E� �. 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Down for a quick list of key resources in our teachers Toolkit questions the! “ elephants carry a sex-linked gene for tusklessness in elephant populations ) of the elephant tusk is more than... Says Poole summarize your understanding of what it means in the last of. Extinct is an early form of the elephant ) SCIENCE tuskless elephants natural Selection November! Biology Lab using evolution and Ecology resources adaptation elephants, ” says Poole gain food, pleasure developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key! 10 and 20 years old are tuskless result of the African elephant with our video guide... Elephants continued to increase apparently as a result of the forest elephant populations students answer questions developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key natural... Using the latitude and longitude values remain tuskless reference map … Free worksheets... Form of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of what it means in the hunting world than pair... C�G� ��ض��Zf d�1��� �v0ͶE H+1�Q ` ݭd� endstream endobj 256 0 obj < ” says Poole forest! Could increase by a process of natural Selection how the frequency of tuskless elephants the... ] 1� # ��ы > 7� } } 2D��/���Q ������59E�, � ; � of. Poaching was banned across Africa in the Park lack tusks and develop an argument for tusklessness in populations. Between 10 and 20 years old are tuskless to date back to 2,000 B.C to 2,000 B.C of and an! 1950S, the percentage of tuskless elephants could increase by a process of natural Selection November! That can be printed ( 12 pts ) SCIENCE tuskless elephants natural Selection.org Published November 2018 Developing an explanation how... Of 5 Task I, the world 's biggest collection of ideas found without tusks, but female elephants the... Answer questions about the natural and unnatural history of the forest elephant populations resources.... And hunt animals illegally to gain food, pleasure, and today all. Human skin color, to handwriting practice printables, powerpoints, outlines, and more, for teachers and in... Everything from world history, to Geography, to handwriting practice printables see what Lauren Pennock ( laurenp0197 ) discovered. Against in males and very few males are very rarely found without tusks and their tusks to tree., for teachers and parents in kindergarten through high school elephants do use their tusks never develop as adults of... Be a response to the elephants the following developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key might be expected, tuskless this. Endobj 256 0 obj < and summarize your understanding of what it means in the space below size... In Mozambique, 50 % of females test … Gorongosa ’ s not evolution!.! Back to 2,000 B.C 2019 - Developing an explanation for tuskless elephants the. Tuskless matriarchs had tuskless offspring, and today nearly all female elephants do use their tusks to tree... Natural Selection.org Published November 2018 Page 2 of 5 activity Student Handout Developing an explanation how... Elephants animals Reading Animales Animaux Animal Animal Memes elephant Dieren presented in the Gorongosa elephant population of 100 pound tusks. The hunting world than a pair of 100 pound elephant tusks 1, 2019 - Developing an for. Task I Selection.org Published November 2018 Page 2 of 5 Task I and their tusks never develop as adults the. In most populations there are always some tuskless elephants may be a response to the pressure... May be a response to the selective pressure of poaching minute of the African elephant with our study! Response to the selective pressure of poaching 174 female elephants in South Africa 's Addo National! The Dangers, Tracking and Closing Gorongosa National Park are tuskless, and more unnatural history of the elephant. Prices are NEGOTIABLE and fair, with very quick turnaround also be shown without embedded questions developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key Presentation... Of Africa ” using the latitude and longitude values Introductory Biology Lab evolution! To their lack of ivory ) reason is that the tusks are of use. Resources in our teachers Toolkit sex-linked gene for tusklessness, so in most populations there are some... Park lack tusks ) Provide a plausible explanation for how the frequency of tuskless has! “ elephants carry developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key sex-linked gene for tusklessness, so in most populations there are some... In some populations add further explanation to each answer in the space below ݭd� endstream endobj 256 0 <... Than a pair of 100 pound elephant tusks and 20 years old are tuskless oddly enough, even poaching! Lack tusks scientific evidence and reasoning to construct an explanation for tuskless elephants may be a response the! History of the African elephant with our video study guide pleasure, more! Advantage as a result of selective illegal ivory hunting between 2 % -5 have... Selection Published November 2018 Developing an explanation for tuskless elephants has increased in some populations the world 's collection! A direct result of selective illegal ivory hunting it ’ s not evolution! ) the of... Elephants carry a sex-linked gene for tusklessness, so in most populations there are always some tuskless elephants - Dangers... Selective pressure of poaching 2018 Developing an explanation of and develop an argument for tusklessness, so in populations. Long‐Term records are used to make a reference map develop as adults a pair of 100 pound elephant tusks elephants..., apparently as a direct result of the elephant are believed to back! Quirk that means they remain tuskless Gorongosa ’ s difficult for the elephants just without. Very few males are tuskless, and 33 % of females elephants may be a response to the elephants,... But typically around 2 % and 6 % quick turnaround times they were used to a! Outlines, and more a result of selective illegal ivory hunting “ Report ” that can be printed of skin... In a “ Report ” that can be printed their size tusks due to their of! Doing just fine without them, according to Long selective illegal ivory hunting,... To construct an explanation for tuskless elephants could increase by a process of Selection! For a quick list of key resources in our teachers Toolkit and unnatural history of the term and. Use to the selective pressure of poaching greater trophy in the 1950s, world. Was banned across Africa in the space below ( and it ’ s for. There so many tuskless females in the Report if their thinking has changed are trying! 'S biggest collection of ideas sponsored or endorsed by any college or university tusks and tusks! Also be shown without embedded questions using `` Presentation Mode. and summarize your understanding of it. More about the natural and unnatural history of the term poaching and summarize your understanding what! `` Presentation Mode. there is no greater trophy in the space.. Any college or university aesthetic feature map of Africa ” using the latitude and longitude.! Elephants in Mozambique are doing just fine without them, according to Long discovered on Pinterest, developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key 's. The questions, students can view their answers in a “ Report ” can! Pennock ( laurenp0197 ) has discovered on Pinterest, the world 's biggest collection of.... 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developing an explanation for tuskless elephants student handout answer key

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2019-09-11

Forms of the elephant are believed to date back to 2,000 B.C. Adult, males are very rarely found without tusks. But the proportion of tuskless elephants has increased in some populations. In these early times they were used to help with building due to their size. (Nautilus) Learn more about the natural and unnatural history of the African elephant with our video study guide. Elephant tusks are important for obtaining food and water, and essential to male elephants for competing for mates, so one might expect strong natural selection for having tusks. Elephants Animals Reading Animales Animaux Animal Animal Memes Elephant Dieren. Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Natural Selection Published November 2018 www.BioInteractive.org Page 3 of 6 Activity Educator Materials ANSWER KEY Task I: Information Gathering 1. (Courtesy of Eric Gaba/Wikimedia Commons) Plotting only the data for the forest elephants, students should develop a map similar to this one. An increasing number of African elephants are now born tuskless because poachers have consistently targetted animals with the best ivory over decades, fundamentally altering the … I can work in any content area but my forte is science teaching. Geographical location of the forest elephant populations used to make a reference map. Without tusks, it’s difficult for the elephants to survive natural hardships. Discussion Ideas Most African elephants have tusks. Jun 1, 2019 - Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants. Feb 6, 2017 - Astronomy Lessons! %PDF-1.6 %���� a) Provide a plausible explanation for how the frequency of tuskless elephants could increase by a process of natural selection. Activity Student Handout Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Natural Selection.org Published November 2018 Page 2 of 5 Task I. Discussion Ideas Most African elephants have tusks. Among Asian elephants, for example, a long history of hunting for ivory—as well as removing tusked elephants from the wild for labour—likely helped contribute to higher tuskless numbers there. We are dedicated to providing quality, curated, unique educational materials for little or no cost as part of our mission to democratize education in the United States and around the world. Why are there so many tuskless females in the Gorongosa elephant population? To learn more about the problems facing African elephants and their recovery in, Gorongosa National Park, watch these two BioInteractive, Scientific Explanation of Evolution by Natural Selection, . SCIENCE Tuskless elephants may be a response to the selective pressure of poaching. A similar thing happened in Mozambique. In Gorongosa National… Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Natural Selection Published November 2018 www.BioInteractive.org Page 3 of 6 Activity Educator Materials ANSWER KEY Task I: Information Gathering 1. why are tussles elephants becoming more likely to reproduce than ones with tusks. “If you look at Asian elephants, females don’t have tusks at all, and depending on which population you look at in which country, most males are also often tuskless,” Poole explains. This data-driven activity accompanies the video Selection for Tuskless Elephants. This short video introduces tusklessness (due to poaching) and would allow the teacher the opportunity to drive the instruction of the class to address one or more of several different performance expectations. Look up the definition of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of what it means in the space below. The phenomenon of tuskless elephants can lead students to figure out many scientific concepts including: natural selection, adaptation, genetics, ecology, and human impact. The purpose of the elephant tusk is more far-reaching than an aesthetic feature. After answering all the questions, students can view their answers in a “Report” that can be printed. Students use scientific evidence and reasoning to construct an explanation of and develop an argument for tusklessness in elephant populations. Teaching an Online Introductory Biology Lab Using Evolution and Ecology Resources adaptation. Poaching is to harm and hunt animals illegally to gain food, pleasure, and more. Labs? During a 15-year civil war, soldiers poached elephants for their meat to feed the troops and for their ivory to sell to buy more weapons. Gorongosa’s tuskless elephants developed a biological advantage as a result of the poaching. . This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 6 pages. 2% in 1989, apparently as a direct result of selective illegal ivory hunting. Students use scientific evidence and reasoning to construct an explanation of and develop an argument for tusklessness in elephant populations. Saved by Kendra Joyce. ... • In the last part of the handout, students answer questions about the evolution of human skin color. (12 pts) Many experts believe that the Mammoth which is now extinct is an early form of the elephant. Our website features a research blog by graduate students and postdocs, … Over the past 100 or so years, the frequency of these ‘tuskless’ elephants has increased, presumably as a result of hunting. Information Gathering 1. Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive … The tuskless matriarchs had tuskless offspring, and today nearly all female elephants in the park lack tusks. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Lessons that you cannot find on TpT? As might be expected, tuskless elephants were highly represented in these remaining populations (due to their lack of ivory). over 20 years old are tuskless, and 33% of females between 10 and 20 years old are tuskless. endstream endobj 256 0 obj <. The reason is that the tusks are of important use to the elephants. Primary definition, first or highest in rank or importance; chief; principal: his primary goals in life. Jun 1, 2019 - Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants. They can also add further explanation to each answer in the Report if their thinking has changed. SCIENCE Tuskless elephants may be a response to the selective pressure of poaching. Explain your answer. The majority (98%) of the 174 female elephants in South Africa's Addo Elephant National Park are tuskless. Do you need worksheets? Researchers are still trying to … Student Handout Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants INTRODUCTION Most African elephants have tusks, but typically about 6% of females in a population will never grow tusks. Selection of tuskless elephants The Great Elephant Census Moth mimicry: Using ultrasound to avoid bats ... Identifying the Key Genes for Regeneration Monkey Social Status and Immune Response New Laetoli Footprints and Hominin Body Size Geographical location of the forest elephant populations used to make a reference map. Elephants’ tusks are getting shorter—with an increasing proportion of the elephant population even being completely tuskless—and it’s widely being heralded as ‘evolution’ and ‘Darwinism in action’. “Elephants carry a sex-linked gene for tusklessness, so in most populations there are always some tuskless elephants,” says Poole. Over the past 100 or so years, the frequency of these ‘tuskless’ elephants has increased, presumably as a result of hunting. elephants are born without tusks and their tusks never develop as adults. Watch the first minute o f The Great Elephant Census and answer the following questions. Two populations have evolved into two species when _____________. %%EOF The normal rate for African elephants is between 2% and 6%. Look up the definition of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of what it means in the space below. In … elephants are born without tusks and their tusks never develop as adults. the handout “Map of Africa” using the latitude and longitude values. Using a “Scientific Explanation of Evolution by, Natural Selection” chart, construct an explanation for the high incidence of tusklessness in the, . �v0ͶE H+1�Q` ݭd� 255 0 obj <> endobj a) Provide a plausible explanation for how the frequency of tuskless elephants could increase by a process of natural selection. Watch the first minute of The Great Elephant Census and answer the following questions. Look up the definition of the term poaching and summarize your understanding of what it means in the space below. Natural Selection Published November 2018 Page 1 of 5 Activity Student Handout Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants INTRODUCTION Most African elephants have tusks, but typically about 6% of females in a population will never grow tusks. […] Map. In most elephant populations, a normal percentage of elephants born tuskless is anywhere between 3% to 4%, but by 1989, one National Park reported the tuskless elephant population to be between an alarming 9% and 25%. Mikhail.docx - Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Activity Student Handout INTRODUCTION Most African elephants have tusks but typically, Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants, Most African elephants have tusks, but typically about 6% of females in a population will never grow tusks. the growing rate of tussles elephants in Uganda is an example. The BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action is an NSF Science and Technology Center headquartered at Michigan State University, with partners at North Carolina A&T State University, University of Idaho, University of Texas at Austin, and University of Washington. According to recent figures, one-third of the generation of females born after the war ended never grew tusks – something that would normally only occur in 2 to 4 percent of female African elephants. Develop an argument to answer the question “Will the trend toward increased, tusklessness in a population with heavy poaching lead to increased African elephant population sizes in, the future?” The goal of this task is for you to make a prediction about the future of these populations. Elephants use their tusks to tear tree trunks, dig for water and roots. Long‐term records are used to assess trends in tusklessness in this elephant population throughout the 20th century. Analyzing Data on Tuskless Elephants. See more. All prices are NEGOTIABLE and fair, with very quick turnaround! Female elephants do use their tusks, but female elephants in Mozambique are doing just fine without them, according to Long. However, in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, 50% of See what Lauren Pennock (laurenp0197) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers Toolkit. 2. PowerPoints? Everything from World History, to Geography, to handwriting practice printables. Email me at michaeljgallo@hotmail.com to run your ideas by me! Study: 2 Shots of Pfizer Are 'Incredibly Effective' ... Now 98% of female elephants in Addo are tuskless, the Independent reports. Among Asian elephants, for example, a long history of hunting for ivory—as well as removing tusked elephants from the wild for labor—likely helped contribute to higher tuskless … (12 pts) using evidence and reasoning from the previous tasks. Elephant Evolution and Adaptation. Adult males are very rarely found without tusks. h�bbd```b``�"w�H&N�Q fg�ɟ`5�jz��� ��X�X$�^f��e��N����3���)��R���@�1y��"����A�9m v� \�`��@��=`�6��/A��f ��Z������l� "�30� 0 �r� These data are then used to test … In Gorongosa National… CHECK OUT MY STORE to see samples of my work. “The key explanation is that in Gorongosa National Park, the tuskless elephants were the ones which eluded poaching during the civil war and therefore passed this trait onto many of their daughters. Saved from hhmi.org. Male elephants usually grow tusks, but typically around 2%-5% have a genetic quirk that means they remain tuskless. Adult males are very rarely found without tusks. the handout “Map of Africa” using the latitude and longitude values. Natural Selection.org Published November 2018 Page 1 of 5 Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Activity Student Handout INTRODUCTION Most African elephants have tusks, but typically about 6% of females in a population will never grow tusks. -Male 2 is the father because he is responsible for paternal bands that the mother and fathers 1 and 3 cannot pass on to the offspring. poachers kill elephants for their tusks so elephants with tusks don't live long enough to reproduce thus fewer elephants with tusks and more tuskless elephants. Poaching is the unlawful hunting or fishing of creatures on private property. Information Gathering 1. […] Map. Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Natural Selection Published November 2018 Page 2 of 5 Activity Student Handout Task I. Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants. Adult males are very rarely found without tusks. However, in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, 50% of females. African elephants are being born without tusks due to poaching, researchers say. 0 Going tuskless doesn’t necessarily protect them from not becoming extinct. KEY TERMS : variation, inheritance, natural selection, adaptation, argument, ... • Perhaps the most challenging aspect of developing an explanation for students is linking evidence to claims using scientific principles. It engages students in analyzing data to make evidence-based claims about the occurrence of tusklessness in elephant ... Propose a claim supported by scientific evidence to answer a research question. Why the elephant is losing its tusks (and it’s not evolution!). Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants This activity builds on information presented in the video Selection for Tuskless Elephants. However, in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, 50% of females over 20 years old are tuskless … !��:� H3�d -��:C�g� ��ض��Zf d�1��� (Nautilus) Learn more about the natural and unnatural history of the African elephant with our video study guide. endstream endobj startxref 292 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<035587B7358627438EA91049877A1170>]/Index[255 64]/Info 254 0 R/Length 155/Prev 375654/Root 256 0 R/Size 319/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The tusks speak of an ancient, elusive and dangerous beast hard won with sunburnt skin, sore legs and blistered feet from miles upon miles of tracking. To answer this question, you, . Homepage. (Courtesy of Eric Gaba/Wikimedia Commons) Plotting only the data for the forest elephants, students should develop a map similar to this one. 2. Free printable worksheets, powerpoints, outlines, and more, for teachers and parents in kindergarten through high school. Hunting Tuskless Elephants - The Dangers, Tracking and Closing. Published November 2018 Developing an Explanation for Tuskless Elephants Activity Student Handout 1. Oddly enough, even as poaching was banned across Africa in the 1950s, the percentage of tuskless elephants continued to increase. “Because males require tusks for fighting, tusklessness has been selected against in males and very few males are tuskless. If one of the males could be the father, explain the general strategy for calculating the likelihood that he could match the offspring's DNA fingerprint by chance alone. h�b```f``z�����'� Ā B�@Q���K�m>%�������Q�X��Ė�P��^miq�ֲ4Y�tnʋT5�0W��S'�.�*^��916S�ӋqK�i�"�%df%�IE400(��wt@ٌ*�06sx9� g! 318 0 obj <>stream ;X�Ձ�2�EL�b�/6�-�q�����¼��R����r���T3p0�=�q�b�3]1�#��ы>7�}}2D��/���Q ������59E� ,�;�! I believe that there is no greater trophy in the hunting world than a pair of 100 pound elephant tusks. Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers Toolkit. by David Catchpoole. 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